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Home > Toads > Cane Toad

Cane Toad

Cane toad is a large species of toad native to South and Central America. The species was originally used to eradicate pests from sugarcane and hence its name. The skin and parotoid glands behind the eyes are very toxic.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Class Amphibia
    Order Anura
    Family Bufonidae
    Genus Rhinella
    Scientific Name Rhinella marina


    Other Names Giant neotropical toad, marine toad
    Size 10 to15 cm (3.9 – 5.9 in); largest recorded specimen measures 24 cm (9.4 in)
    Weight Largest recorded specimen weighs 1.3 kg
    Color Color ranges from gray, yellowish, red-brown, or olive-brown with different patterns; underside is cream-colored and may have shades of black or brown blotches
    Distribution South America, United States, and Central America (native); various islands of Oceania and the Caribbean, and Northern Australia (introduced)
    Habitat Subtropical forests, grassland, woodland, open clearings in urban areas
    Diet Beetles, ants, crickets, honey bees, bugs, winged termites,  small rodents, birds, smaller toads
    Predators Caimans, snakes, fish
    Breeding Season Anytime of the year
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Clutch Size 8,000–25,000 eggs
    Incubation Period 1 to 3 days
    Metamorphosis Period 12 to 60 days
    Reproductive Age 1 to 2 years of age
    Average Lifespan In wild: 10 to 15 years in the wild
    In captivity: one specimen alive for 35 years
    IUCN Conservation Status Least Concern

    Cane Toad Pictures Gallery

    Published on May 15th 2017 by under Toads. Article was last reviewed on 5th May 2017.

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