Salamanders are lizard-like amphibians characterized by a blunt snout, sleek bodies and short legs that project out of the body at right angles. Their bodies are rather moist with a tail present in both their larvae and full-grown forms. There are around 655 extant species of salamanders in the world.
Diet, Reproduction, and Adaptation
In some regions, males arrive at the breeding site before the females and set up territories. The male salamander usually deposits a spermatophore which is then picked up by the female. The spermatozoa is then stored in the cloaca of the female for long periods before the eggs are laid. The eggs are looked after by the female until they hatch. The larval stage of salamanders is usually fully aquatic. The tadpoles are carnivorous and feed on aquatic organisms. Adults usually possess bright colorations that help them in self-defense by warning predators of their toxicity.
The salamander is associated with fire in legend. In the Middle Ages, there was a myth that clothes made from their skin are fire-resistant.