Toads are specific frogs, characterized by short legs, dry leathery skin, and parotid glands covered with large warts. The primary difference between a frog and a toad is the latter’s predominantly terrestrial lifestyle than the former’s amphibious ways. The family Bufonidae of toads consists of more than 300 species.
Diet, Reproduction, and Adaptation
Toads reproduce by laying eggs, which are fertilized by the males after the females lay them. They return to the same breeding sites every year during the breeding season and make specific vocalizations to look for mates. As adults, their diet usually comprises of insects, worms, and slugs, while in their tadpole form they are likely to feed on water plants. Toads usually live for around 4 to 15 years, varying from one species to another. Some have certain poison in the parotid glands which they squirt at predators in self-defense.
One of the key distinctions between frogs and toads is the fact that most species of toad don’t have teeth, while almost all frogs do.