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Home > Salamanders > Four Toed Salamander

Four Toed Salamander

Four toed salamander is a species of salamander found in eastern North America. It represents the monotypic genus Hemidactylium.  It is a lungless salamander.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Class Amphibia
    Order Urodela
    Family Plethodontidae
    Genus Hemidactylium
    Scientific Name Hemidactylium scutatum


    Size Up to 10 cm
    Color Orange-brownish to red-brownish upper surface with white underbelly marked with black dots; grayish sides
    Distribution Eastern North America
    Habitat Sphagnum bogs, grassy areas near beaver ponds, deciduous or mixed forests with plenty of mosses
    Diet Small invertebrates like spiders, worms, ticks, springtails, ground beetles, other insects
    Predators Shrews, snakes
    Breeding Season Fall
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Clutch Size Up to around 50 eggs
    Incubation Period 40 to 60 days
    Metamorphosis Period 3 to 6 weeks
    Reproductive Age 2 to 3 years of age
    Average Lifespan 5.5 years in captivity
    IUCN Conservation Status Least Concern

    Four Toed Salamander Pictures Gallery

    Published on March 7th 2017 by under Salamanders. Article was last reviewed on 7th March 2017.

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