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Home > Salamanders > Mud Salamander

Mud Salamander

Mud salamander is a species of salamander belonging to the family Plethodontidae, native to southeastern United States. The species is known to burrow in close vicinity of water as it builds underground passages and underwater tunnels.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Class Amphibia
    Order Urodela
    Family Plethodontidae
    Genus Pseudotriton
    Scientific Name Pseudotriton montanus


    Other Names Mountain triton
    Size 3 to 8 in (7.6 to 20 cm)
    Color Reddish-brown with round black spots or uneven patches on the upper surface
    Distribution Southern New York, northern Florida, Kentucky, Tennessee (United States)
    Habitat Swamps, bogs, springs, seeps, and streams with muddy bottom and clean and clear water
    Diet Earthworms, beetles, mites, spiders, other smaller salamanders
    Predators Snakes
    Breeding Season Warmer months of the year
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Clutch Size 65 to 200 eggs
    Incubation Period 3 months
    Reproductive Age Males: 2.5 years
    Females: 4 to 5 years
    Average Lifespan 15.1 years in captivity
    IUCN Conservation Status Least Concern

    Mud Salamander Pictures Gallery

    Published on March 13th 2017 by under Salamanders. Article was last reviewed on 10th March 2017.

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