Salamanders are lizard-like amphibians characterized by a blunt snout, sleek bodies and short legs that project out of the body at right angles. Their bodies are rather moist with a tail present in both their larvae and full-grown forms. There are around 655 extant species of salamanders in the world.
Diet, Reproduction, and Adaptation
In some regions, males arrive at the breeding site before the females and set up territories. once the eggs are laid, the female looks after them until they hatch. The larval stage of salamanders is usually fully aquatic. The tadpoles are carnivorous and feed on aquatic organisms.
Adults usually possess bright colorations that help them in self-defense by warning predators of their toxicity. They feed on insects, worms, smaller frogs and salamanders, as well as small fish, shrimp, and crustaceans.
The salamander is associated with fire in legend. In the Middle Ages, there was a myth that clothes made from their skin are fire-resistant.