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Home > Salamanders > Shenandoah Salamander

Shenandoah Salamander

Shenandoah salamander is a species of lungless salamander belonging to the family Plethodontidae, found only in the state of Virginia, United States. The species is terrestrial and nocturnal.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Class Amphibia
    Order Caudata
    Family Plethodontidae
    Genus Plethodon
    Scientific Name Plethodon shenandoah


    Size 8 to 11 cm
    Color Dark upper surface with some individuals having narrow red or orange-yellow stripe running along the length of the body; black and white spots along the sides with a dark belly with white or yellowish blotches
    Distribution State of Virginia (United States)
    Habitat Steep, rocky scree slopes of mountains in Shenandoah National Park, Virginia
    Diet Mites, flies, springtails, small beetles, other invertebrates
    Hibernation Fact Hibernate during winter
    Breeding Season Fall and spring
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Clutch Size 3 to 19 eggs
    Incubation Period 1 to 3 months
    Reproductive Age Not before 4 years in case of females
    Average Lifespan May live for 25 years
    IUCN Conservation Status Vulnerable

    Shenandoah Salamander Pictures Gallery

    Published on March 14th 2017 by under Salamanders. Article was last reviewed on 10th March 2017.

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