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Home > Salamanders > Smallmouth Salamander

Smallmouth Salamander

Smallmouth salamander is a species of salamander belonging to the family Ambystomatidae, occurring in the central United States and Canada. It belongs to the group of mole salamanders. The species is nocturnal.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Class Caudata
    Order Caudata
    Family Ambystomatidae
    Genus Ambystoma
    Scientific Name Ambystoma texanum


    Other Names Texas salamander, porphyry salamander, narrow-mouthed salamander
    Size 4.5 to 7 in
    Color Black or dark brown with light-gray or silvery-colored flecks, or gray blotches; black belly with tiny speckles
    Distribution Nebraska, Texas, Tennessee, Kansas, Oklahoma, Ohio (United states); Canada
    Habitat Forested floodplains, swamp forests, deciduous forests and associated wetlands, tallgrass prairies, moist pine woodlands, close to temporary ponds, farming areas, along streams
    Diet Insects, slugs, earthworms, other arthropods
    Predators Birds, snakes
    Breeding Season Spring
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Clutch Size 300 to 700 eggs
    Incubation Period 3 to 8 weeks
    Reproductive Age 2 years of age
    Average Lifespan 5.3 years in captivity
    IUCN Conservation Status Least Concern

    Smallmouth Salamander Pictures Gallery

    Published on March 13th 2017 by under Salamanders. Article was last reviewed on 10th March 2017.

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