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Home > Salamanders > Alpine Salamander

Alpine Salamander

Alpine salamander is a species of salamander occurring in the central, eastern and Dinaric Alps. The salamander is fully terrestrial as unlike other salamanders, whose larvae develops in water, it gives birth to live fully metamorphosed terrestrial young.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Class Amphibia
    Order Caudata
    Family Salamandridae
    Genus Salamandra
    Scientific Name Salamandra atra


    Size 9–14 cm (3.5–5.5 in)
    Color Shiny black
    Distribution Central, eastern and Dinaric Alps
    Habitat Cracks, crevices or burrows in alpine humid meadows and woodlands at elevations above 700 m
    Diet Insects, woodlice, earthworms, spiders, various larvae, slugs
    Hibernation Fact Hibernate during winter months
    Breeding Season End of spring and early summer
    Mode of Reproduction Ovoviviparous (producing young ones by means of eggs hatched inside the body of the parent)
    Litter Size 2 to 4 young ones
    Gestation Period 2 to 3 years
    Average Lifespan At least 10 years
    IUCN Conservation Status Least Concern

    Alpine Salamander Pictures Gallery

    Published on March 16th 2017 by under Salamanders. Article was last reviewed on 11th March 2017.

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