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Home > Salamanders > Greater Siren

Greater Siren

Greater siren is an amphibian belonging to the family Sirenidae, found in the United States. It is the largest siren and one of the largest amphibians in North America. The creature is nocturnal spending the day under rocks or debris or burrowed in mud or thick vegetation. The siren lack hind legs and possess reduced forelimbs.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Class Amphibia
    Order Caudata
    Family Sirenidae
    Genus Siren
    Scientific Name Siren lacertina


    Size 18 to 97 cm (7 to 38 in)
    Weight 55 to 1,000 g (1.9 to 35.3 oz)
    Color Black to brown with light gray or yellow underside
    Distribution Southern and eastern United States
    Habitat Densely vegetated swamps, ponds, and ditches, also found in streams and large lakes
    Diet Insects, crustaceans, bivalves, gastropods, mollusks, spiders, crayfish, and small fish
    Predators Snakes, American alligators
    Breeding Season February to March
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Clutch Size Around 500 eggs
    Incubation Period Around 2 months
    Reproductive Age 2 to 3 years of age
    Average Lifespan 25 years in captivity
    IUCN Conservation Status Least Concern

    Greater Siren Pictures Gallery

    Published on May 21st 2017 by under Salamanders. Article was last reviewed on 9th May 2017.

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