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Home > Salamanders > Long Tailed Salamander

Long Tailed Salamander

Long-tailed salamander is a lungless salamander found in the eastern United States. The species is known as a cave salamander as it inhabits caves as well as other habitats. The salamander is nocturnal.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Class Amphibia
    Order Caudata
    Family Plethodontidae
    Genus Eurycea
    Scientific Name Eurycea longicauda


    Size 4 to 8 in (10-20 cm)
    Color Yellow to yellowish-brown to yellowish-orange or orange-red upper surface with black spots; light yellow to off-white underside which may be spotless or marked with gray or light brown spots
    Distribution Southeastern Missouri, extreme southern Illinois, Kentucky, central and western Tennessee, northern Alabama, northern Georgia, extreme southwestern and northwestern North Carolina, West Virginia, southern New York, Maryland, Pennsylvania, eastern Illinois, southern Indiana, southern and eastern Ohio
    Habitat Streams, springs, limestone seeps, caves, abandoned mines, wet shale banks, ponds
    Diet Arthropods, worms, other terrestrial invertebrates
    Predators Fish
    Breeding Season Late fall to early spring
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Clutch Size 60 to 110 eggs
    Incubation Period 4 to 12 weeks
    Reproductive Age 2 years of age
    Average Lifespan 5 to 10 years
    IUCN Conservation Status Least Concern

    Long Tailed Salamander Pictures Gallery

    Published on March 14th 2017 by under Salamanders. Article was last reviewed on 10th March 2017.

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