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Arroyo Toad

Arroyo toad is a species of toad found only in California in the United States and Baja California in Mexico. It is a true toad. The species is nocturnal and remains underground most of the day barring the mating season.

    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Class Amphibia
    Order Anura
    Family Bufonidae
    Genus Anaxyrus
    Scientific Name Anaxyrus californicus

    Size 5 to 7.5 cm (2 to 3 in)
    Color Greenish, gray or salmon upper surface with a light-colored stripe across the head and eyelids
    Distribution California (United States); Baja California (Mexico)
    Habitat Alongside creeks and rivers with shallow pebble-like rocks close to sandy terrains
    Diet Caterpillars, moths, snails, crickets, eggs and larvae of other Arroyo toads
    Hibernation Fact Undergoes aestivation during the dry season (August to January)
    Predators American Bullfrogs and garter snakes
    Breeding Season Late winter and early spring
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Clutch Size Around 4700 eggs
    Incubation Period 4 to 6 days
    Metamorphosis Period 72 to 80 days
    Reproductive Age Male: Around 1 year of age
    Female: Over 2 years of age
    Average Lifespan Around 4 years
    IUCN Conservation Status Endangered

    Arroyo Toad Pictures Gallery

    Published on April 26th 2017 by under Toads. Article was last reviewed on 30th September 2019.

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