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Colorado River Toad

Colorado River toad is a species of toad belonging to the family Bufonidae, found in southwestern United States and northern Mexico. The species is nocturnal. The toad can secrete toxins from the parotoid glands located under the jaw.

    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Class Amphibia
    Order Anura
    Family Bufonidae
    Genus Incilius
    Scientific Name Incilius alvarius

    Other Names Sonoran desert toad
    Size Can reach 19 cm (7.5 in)
    Color Olive green to dark brown skin color with cream-colored belly
    Distribution United States (southeastern California, New Mexico, southern Arizona); Mexico
    Habitat Near springs, temporary rain pools, irrigation ditches, and canals in desert and semi-arid areas; also found in arid grasslands and woodlands
    Diet Spiders, insects, toads,  beetles, grasshoppers, snails, mice, small lizards
    Hibernation Fact Hibernate underground for around 9 months in a year emerging after the first summer rains in order to feed and breed
    Breeding Season May to July
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Clutch Size Up to 8,000 eggs
    Incubation Period 2-12 days
    Metamorphosis Period Around within 1 month
    Average Lifespan 2 to 4 years
    IUCN Conservation Status Least Concern

    Colorado River Toad Pictures Gallery

    Published on May 18th 2017 by under Toads. Article was last reviewed on 30th September 2019.

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