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Home > Toads > Eastern Spadefoot

Eastern Spadefoot

Eastern spadefoot is a small to medium-sized, stout-bodied toad found in the eastern United States.



    Kingdom Animalia
    Phylum Chordata
    Class Amphibia
    Order Anura
    Family Scaphiopodidae
    Genus Scaphiopus
    Scientific Name Scaphiopus holbrookii


    Size 1.6 – 3.1 in (4 – 8 cm)
    Color Tan or yellowish to dark brown with two vertical lines on the upper surface in an hourglass shape; eyes are bright yellow
    Distribution Eastern United States
    Habitat Sandy, loose soils in wooded or unwooded terrain; suburban and agricultural areas; breeding habitats include shallow, fishless,  temporary ponds and marshes
    Diet Ants, beetles, flies, caterpillars, spiders, millipedes, other invertebrates
    Breeding Season No defined breeding season, but usually spring and mid-summer
    Mode of Reproduction Oviparous (egg laying)
    Clutch Size Around 200 eggs or more
    Incubation Period 1 to 7 days
    Metamorphosis Period 14 to 63 days
    Reproductive Age Around 2 years of age
    Average Lifespan 12.3 years in captivity
    IUCN Conservation Status Least Concern

    Eastern Spadefoot Pictures Gallery

    Published on April 21st 2017 by under Toads. Article was last reviewed on 30th September 2019.

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